Efforts Of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan For Public Library Legislation And Service- A Review

Dr. Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan was a visionary who realized the importance of library legislation for the promotion and development of library movement in India. He was a far-sighted person fully devoted to the cause of library and information science. He was fully aware regarding the role of libraries in the enhancement of education in any society. He understood the impact of educational advancement for the development of country and the effectiveness and utility of libraries to promote education.

In 1924, Dr. S. R. Ranganathan visited a number of public libraries during his stay in United Kingdom. These visits enabled him to study the system, functioning, funding and services of various libraries. As a consequence he was convinced that library legislation alone would provide a systematic, well-knit and efficient public library service. Since public libraries are informal agencies of education, therefore it is obligatory for a welfare state to provide, maintain and develop a network of public libraries to meet the needs of the masses. A public library being essential a peoples’ institution is to be maintained out of public funds, which have to be collected most equitably. Only the government has got the power and authority to impose and collect taxes through legal sanction, hence library legislation is essential to collect the library cess. Thus it is apparent that it is imperative for the government to enact library legislation for the establishment and smooth functioning of a network of public libraries to cater to the educational needs of the general public.

Dr. S. R. Ranganathan was the first person in India who ever thought about the need for library legislation in 1925 after returning to India from England. He drafted a ‘Model Library Act’ and presented it for discussion at the First All Asia Educational Conference, which was held in Banaras on 27-30 December 1930. The participants of the conference were fully convinced with the advantages of draft legislation and the views of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan. This ‘Model Library Act’ was published by the Madras Library Association during the year 1936. He later on amended the draft Act twice- once in 1957 and again in 1972. This Model Library Act was introduced in the shape of Bill in the Madras Assembly in 1933, through Mr. Basher Ahmed Sayeed, the member of the Assembly an enthusiast of public library system.

Salient features of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan’s Model Library Act are: –

Except the Kerala Public Libraries Act, 1989, all the Acts, which have passed in India during the years 1948 to 1990, have the influenced of Model Public Libraries Act drafted by Dr. S. R. Ranganathan.

Dr. S. R. Ranganathan made persistent efforts for getting the library Acts passed by various States in India and dreamt of having it a land of libraries. He prepared a number of Model Bills for various States. Following is a list of them: –

He also prepared a Model Union Library Bill in 1948 and redrafted it in 1957.

India got the first Public Library Act through the ceaseless efforts of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan. For the first time the Public Library Act was passed by the Madras Legislature in 1948. There is an interesting story behind the success of getting the Library Bill enacted in the third attempt in 1946 although the two attempts made earlier had failed. The first attempt was made by Janab Basher Ahmed Sayeed when he introduced the Bill in Madras Legislature in 1933 but it could not get through as the Madras Legislature was dissolved in 1935. A second attempt was made in 1938 but later on the World War-II began and the Bill could not be adopted. In 1946, Mr. Avinashalingam Chettiar, who was an old student of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan, became the Education Minister in Madras State. One day, Dr. S. R. Ranganathan took a copy of the Model Library Act and went to meet the Minister at his house after his usual morning walk. The Minister was surprised to see his “Guru” early in the morning and enquired about the purpose of his visit. Dr. S. R. Ranganathan replied that he came to demand his “Gurudakshina”. When the Minister promised to offer the same, Dr. S. R. Ranganathan gave a copy of Model Act and expressed his wish to have it enacted into a law during his tenure as Minister. Mr. Avinashalingam Chettiar piloted the Bill and got it enacted in 1948.

Guide to Preparing For a PhD in Health Education

Having a PhD in Health Education allows you to educate on others on health and wellness. Much about it is that you will need to be keen on researching, formulating, implementing, and evaluating health promotions. So how do you get yourself one of those qualifications?

First, you will need to search for universities that offer PhD in Health Education. Find out what are the prerequisites, such as what paper qualifications you need and experiences needed, so that you roughly know what the things you may require from graduate school are.

Second, you will need to research on the credibility of the PhD’s given out by those universities. Check how they are accredited and what other people has to say about the programs. You do not want to end up paying for and spending much time on a hoax program. You may also want to narrow down the list by choosing the areas that are more convenient for you. There are even some accredited online PhD’s available at your convenience as well.

Third, inquire about the admission and testing processes. For anyone accredited with a graduate program in Health Education, you are required to sit for the Graduate Record Exam (GRE), where you can register yourself with the Educational Testing Service website. The study and exam materials are available in the website and libraries as well.

You might also want to seek for financial advice from your graduate school on how you can be aided financially. You can also inquire about you’re the options available so you are able to make an educated decision on the best program for you, whether it is one that is a campus PhD, or an accredited online PhD.

Fourth, after completing your admissions at the graduate schools you have enrolled for, you will need to attain your GRE scores, transcripts, and letters of recommendation. Once you have chosen the program that you will pursue, you will need submit your GRE scores and transcripts to them, and settle your admission process. You will also need to take note of the curriculum details. Plan your time table according to the curriculum so that you may complete the course within your allocated time.

Lastly, you will need to maintain good grades and submit your well-researched dissertation.

South Carolina State University – A Pioneer in Intellectual Education

Degrees and Programs

South Carolina University awards baccalaureate degrees in diverse subjects from biology, engineering technology, education, business, computer science, mathematics, literature and English language. The exclusive programs include a doctoral program in Educational Administration and a recognized master’s degree program in Speech-Language Pathology. At large, these internationally accredited degree programs increase the career opportunities for university students.

Colleges and Schools

There are three colleges and one school within the university campus that not only offer specialized education but also career guidance to the students.

The College of Business and Applied Professional Sciences has five departments namely business administration; accounting, agribusiness and economics; health sciences; military sciences and; family and consumer sciences.

The college of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences houses the four departments of education, human services, visual and performing arts and English and modern languages.

The College of Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Technology is home to the three departments of biological and physical sciences, mathematics and computer sciences and; civil and mechanical engineering technology. In addition to these colleges, there is a School of Graduate Studies too.

Library

The Miller F. Whittaker Library was built in 1969, dedicated to Dr. Miller F. Whittaker (the third president of the university). This three storey library with more than 302,768 volumes, 1,028,132 microforms, 974 journals and magazines; has its own website since 1991, making the sources available to students, online. It also has a large collection of federal documents and state publications.

Sports

South Carolina University also sponsors bowling, basketball, golf, volleyball, soccer, softball, cross country, tennis and track for women and; bowling, basketball, tennis, golf, track, cross country, and football for men.